Activity: Summarise, in your own words, the differences between talk and speech.
The difference between talk and speech is clearly made evident in that talk is used in speech. Speech is the expression of thoughts and feelings whereas talk is to speak in order to express these ideas and feelings1. These elements go hand in hand.
Activity: Now, based on your knowledge of the differences between talk and speech, reflect on the following:
• “I’m giving a speech today in front of Gladstone Regional Council’s elected members and Mayor on the importance in seeking funding for the Gladstone Foundation”
• “I’m giving a talk to that young boy for his mischievous behaviour in class today”
Do you think one is more formal than the other, and why do you think this is the case? Would you prepare differently for a ‘speech’ than you would for a ‘talk’? If so, how; if not, why not?
One is definitely more formal than the other. A speech has always been referred to as a formal address as it is given to an audience, which is usually of a higher class. A speech is thoroughly prepared for before actually being said. It takes research and careful planning to put together a speech that will convey the intended message. A talk is less formal, informal to be exact, as usually it is between two people or a group by which they share information through spoken words. Generally people don’t need to prepare for a talk because it’s a generalised communication approach in which people conduct everyday. If people had to prepare for every time they had a ‘talk’ to someone then it would become a more formal way of speaking.
1 Kate, Ames 2012, COMM12033 Lesson 1: an introduction to speech and script: study guide, CQUniversity, Gladstone.
Ames, Kate 2012, COMM12033 Lesson 1: an introduction to speech and script: study guide, CQUniversity, Gladstone.